The ceremonial worship of the mother goddess Durga, is one of the most important festivals of India. Apart from being a religious festival for the Hindus, it is also an occasion for reunion and rejuvenation, and a celebration of traditional culture and customs. While the rituals entails ten days of fast, feast and worship, the last four days – Saptami, Ashtami, Navami and Dashami – are celebrated with much gaiety and grandeur in India and abroad, especially in Bengal, where the ten-armed goddess riding the lion is worshiped with great passion and devotion.
Durga Puja Mythology: Rama’s ‘Akal Bodhan’
Durga Puja is celebrated every year in the Hindu month of Ashwin (September-October) and commemorates Prince Rama’s invocation of the goddess Durga before going to war with the demon king Ravana. This autumnal ritual was different from the conventional Durga Puja, which is usually celebrated in the springtime. So, this Puja is also known as ‘akal-bodhan’ or out-of-season (‘akal’) worship (‘bodhan’).
Thus goes the story of Lord Rama, who first worshipped the ‘Mahishasura Mardini‘ or the slayer of the buffalo-demon, by offering 108 blue lotuses and lighting 108 lamps, at this time of the year.
The First Durga Puja in Bengal
The first grand worship of Goddess Durga in recorded history is said to have been celebrated in the late 1500s. Folklores say the landlords or zamindar of Dinajpur and Malda initiated the first Durga Puja in Bengal. According to another source, Raja Kangsha Narayan of Taherpur or Bhabananda Mazumdar of Nadiya organized the first Sharadiya or Autumn Durga Puja in Bengal in c 1606.
The ‘Baro-Yaari’ Puja and Beginning of Mass Celebration
The origin of the community puja can be credited to the twelve friends of Guptipara in Hooghly, West Bengal, who collaborated and collected contributions from local residents to conduct the first community puja called the ‘baro-yaari’ puja or the ‘twelve-pal’ puja in 1790. The baro-yaari puja was brought to Kolkata in 1832 by Raja Harinath of Cossimbazar, who performed the Durga Puja at his ancestral home in Murshidabad from 1824 to 1831, notes Somendra Chandra Nandy in ‘Durga Puja: A Rational Approach’ published in The Statesman Festival, 1991.
Origin of ‘Sarbajanin Durga Puja’ or Community Celebration
“The baro-yaari puja gave way to the sarbajanin or community puja in 1910, when the Sanatan Dharmotsahini Sabha organized the first truly community puja in Baghbazar in Kolkata with full public contribution, public control and public participation. Now the dominant mode of Bengali Durga Puja is the ‘public’ version,” write M. D. Muthukumaraswamy and Molly Kaushal in Folklore, Public Sphere, and Civil Society. The institution of the community Durga Puja in the 18th and the 19th century Bengal contributed vigorously to the development of Hindu Bengali culture.
British Involvement in Durga Puja
The research paper further indicates that “high level British officials regularly attend Durga Pujas organized by influential Bengalis and British soldiers actually participate in the pujas, have prasad, and even salute the deity, but ‘the most amazing act of worship was performed by the East India Company itself: in 1765 it offered a thanksgiving Puja, no doubt as a political act to appease its Hindu subjects, on obtaining the Diwani of Bengal’. (Sukanta Chaudhuri, ed. Calcutta: the Living City, Vol. 1: The Past) And it is reported that even the Company auditor-general John Chips organized Durga Puja at his Birbhum office. In fact, the full official participation of the British in the Durga Puja continued till 1840, when a law was promulgated by the government banning such participation.”
Durga Puja Comes to Delhi
In 1911, with the shifting of the capital of British India to Delhi, many Bengalis migrated to the city to work in government offices. The first Durga Puja in Delhi was held in c. 1910, when it was performed by ritually consecrating the ‘mangal kalash,’ symbolizing the deity. This Durga Puja, which celebrates its centennial in 2009, is also known as the Kashmere Gate Durga Puja currently organized by the Delhi Durga Puja Samiti in the lawns of Bengali Senior Secondary School, Alipur Road, Delhi.
Evolution of the ‘Pratima’ and the ‘Pandal’
The traditional icon of the Goddess Durga worshiped during the Durga Puja is in line with the iconography delineated in the scriptures. In Durga, the Gods bestowed their powers to co-create a beautiful goddess with ten arms, each carrying their most lethal weapon. The tableau of Durga also features her four children – Kartikeya, Ganesha, Saraswati and Lakshmi. Traditional clay image of Durga or pratima made of clay with all five gods and goddesses under one structure is known as ‘ek-chala’ (‘ek’ = one, ‘chala’ = cover).
There are two kinds of embellishments that are used on clay – sholar saaj and daker saaj. In the former, the pratima is traditionally decorated with the white core of the shola reed which grows within marshlands. As the devotees grew wealthier, beaten silver (rangta) was used. The silver used to be imported from Germany and was delivered by post (dak). Hence the name daker saaj.
The huge temporary canopies – held by a framework of bamboo poles and draped with colorful fabric – that house the icons are called ‘pandals’. Modern pandals are innovative, artistic and decorative at the same time, offering a visual spectacle for the numerous visitors who go ‘pandal-hopping‘ during the four days of Durga Puja.
Maa Durga is a our famous goddess in the pantheon of Hindu deities specially among Bengal Culture. The Name in Sanskrit means the “unreachable or inaccessible.” Maa Durga is an embodiment of Shakti or Power and is venerated as the Mother of the World and Universe in the year of Durga Puja 2017. Maa Durga is a symbol of female strength in two aspects, the preserver of good and the destroyer of evil.
Maa Durga is addressed by multifarious names and worshiped in multiple avatars. Maa Durga has so many name from her worshipers like Uma meaning “the light”; Gauri meaning “the shining”; Parvati meaning “the mountain queen”; and Jagath mata meaning “the universal mother”; Kali meaning “the thunderous”; Chandi meaning “the fierce”; and Bhairavi meaning “the terrifying.”
Devi Durga is the divine consort of Shiva and is worshiped across West Bengal and as well as India in various forms corresponding to her dual and complementary aspects, preserver and benefactor of goodness as well as destroyer and eliminator of evil and wrongdoing.
Devi Durga’s most magnificent name is Simhavahini meaning “she who rides astride the lion”. She is usually enshrined in a depiction of an idol of rare beauty, adorned in rich red and golden sari laden with gold ornaments on her head and her body. And that’s why we Celebrate Durga Puja 2017.
Her hair is long and luxuriant, open tresses and shining eyes as she rides astride a ferocious lion. On her head is a crown (karanda mukuta) and in her ten hands she holds different objects including a trishul or trident with which she kills the demon Mahishasur. That’s why Maa Durga is called “Mahishasur Mardini”
How Durga Puja is Solely Connected to me.
It is dawn and the residents of Kolkata, the city of joy are about to start their day. But the clay potters are found busy with making Devi Durga 2017 images in West Bengal. Do you know why they are busy? Yes, it is because Durga Puja 2017 is knocking at the door. The potters have no time to take a break at all as they have to complete the idols before the biggest festival of Bengali Hindus begins on October 7 this year.“We are used to working under rush during Durga Puja every year as well as 2017. From my childhood, I was a keen observer of my father’s work, and so I have excelled myself at making clay Durga Puja HD Images 2017. There are several steps to it. First of all, we make jora (combination of straw and ropes). Then we put clay on it and prepare the image based on the catalog given by the puja committee,” said 70-year-old Haripada Paul, a senior clay potter. It’s all fun for us.
Mythology of Durga Puja
Durga Puja 2017 is the Puja of Asurdalani Maa Durga, who had defeated the evil forces and brought peace and solidarity in the earth..
Durga Puja is one of the most famous and widely celebrated festivals of India. This celebration is a religious celebration and marks the battle of goddess Durga with powerful buffalo demon Mahishasura. This festival is actually the celebration for the victory of goddess Durga over the evil power Mahishasura. Every year this is celebrated throughout the country mostly in East India during the Month of September- October. Once you are here during this festival time don’t miss to be at Kolkata to participate in the grand celebration. Normally govt and also private clubs and other organisation both contribute to the decoration and lighting of the city. You will be amazed to see how beautifully artists decorate the Durga Puja 2017 Pandals and the statue of Devi Durga.
Durga Puja 2017 is without Doubt the Most Famous with Largely Celebrated Festival in West Bengal, India. This celebration is a religious celebration and marks the battle of goddess Durga with powerful buffalo demon Mahishasura. This festival is actually the celebration for the victory of goddess Durga over the evil power Mahishasura. Every year this is celebrated throughout the country mostly in East India during the Month of September- October. Once you are here during this festival time don’t miss to be at Kolkata to participate in the grand celebration. Normally govt and also private clubs and other organisation both contribute to the decoration and lighting of the city. You will be amazed to see how beautifully artists decorate the puja pandals and the statue of Devi Durga.
The History of Durga Puja:
Durga Puja was first organised by the rich Bengali landowners or zamindars, in 1757 to honour and welcome Robert Clive . The man who initiated it was Raja Nabakrishna Deb of Calcutta.
After this a practice of elite people organizing their own household pujas became the norm but many common people were excluded from these festivities. By the early 20th century the concept of the public or community Puja had evolved called the “sarbojanin” Puja and this included people from all castes, creeds and ranks of life.
Puja became a great social leveler and a unifying force in the country. Today Durga Puja is an important socio-cultural event in the state and in the country.
Why Devi Durga has been Created by Other Gods?
A monster called Mahshahur had terrorized the world. He was half-man and half-demon. Neither Vishnu nor Shiva could vanquish him. Thus Shakti was invoked by them and Durga was created to battle Mahishasur.
Durga rode on a lion and carried several weapons in her several hands. Finally she killed Mahishasur and restored heaven back to the Gods. Since then she is seen as a symbol of the female strength and is venerated for the victory of good over evil. Even in the Vedas and Puranas, Durga has been mentioned as a deity worthy of reverence and adoration.
How Durga Puja is Celebrated in West Bengal?
In the whole of India, Durga Puja 2017 will be celebrated with gusto and faith throughout the country for ten days as the festival of Happy Navratri 2017 beginning with Ekadashi and ending with Dussehra and especially so in West Bengal where it is a massive social event too. Different areas in the state celebrate public Puja ceremonies by forming committees of local residents who raise funds through donation and corporate sponsorship plus political involvement and investment.
Durga Puja 2017 Dates with Calendar
Durga Puja 2017 is Knocking at the Door. And All the Kolkatians eagerly waiting for the day when they can Start their Shopping. Pandal Hoping will also be Started after Few Days with Near and Dear Ones, Family Members. All in all, Durga Puja 2017 Dates are the perfect example of Unity & United Family, Friends together.
Here’s the Durga Puja Dates in Our very own Durga Puja 2017 Bangla Calendar:
|Name of Events||Day||Date of Events||Remarks|
|Mahalaya 2017||Tuesday||19 September 2017||Mahalaya marks the beggining of Durga Puja.|
|Maha Panchami 2017||Monday||25 September 2017||Maha Panchami is day that Unofficially marks the commencement of the Durga Puja.|
|Maha Sasthi 2017||Tuesday||26 September 2017||Maha Shashti is the day of the unveiling of Goddess Durga|
|Maha Saptami 2017||Wednesday||27 September 2017||Durga Puja Officially Starts from Maha Saptami|
|Maha Ashtami 2017||Thursday||28 September 2017||Maha Ashtami is the time when Kolkatans start pandalhopping.|
|Maha Nabami 2017||Friday||29 September 2017||All the rituals start from House Wives before the last day called Maha Nabami|
|Bijaya Dashami 2017||Saturday||30 September 2017||Bijaya Dashami is the Day when Maa Durga Returns to her Place.|
Idols and Pandals
This money goes into commissioning the gigantic idols of Durga, her children and Mahishasur that are created in a place called Kumartuli which is internationally famous for its artisans who make magnificent idols out of mud and clay.
The next big expenditure is the construction of theme-based magnificent “pandals” or architectural outdoor canopies where the idols are kept. These canopies or “pandals” are temporary structures erected from bamboos and fibre glass.
Within these lights and chandeliers are fitted and the deity is housed upon a huge platform visible from miles beyond. Nowadays theme-based “pandals” on Harry Potter, monuments of the world, Doraemon, etc. are the rage and competitions called “Sharadiya Saamman” are organised by Asian Paints to give away the grand prize to the committee with the most creative and innovative puja pandal.
First Day of Durga Puja as Mahalaya
Mahalaya is considered to be the first day of Durga Puja, when Goddess Durga, the embodiment of feminine power and the victory of good over evil, is invited to descend to Earth by chanting hymns and singing mantras. Mahalaya Tarpan in Ganges held every year, marks the beginning of Durga Puja 2017 all over the world. For Bengalies in Mahalaya pitri paksha ends, Devi Paksha begins. On the same day, people go to the holy Ganges to do Tarpan, that is pay respect to the departed souls of father and ancestors. Different types of Tarpans are done on the day including pitri tarpan, matri tarpan, deb tarpan, etc.
Mahalaya is homecoming. According to the Hindu mythology, Goddess Durga who was married to Lord Siva returns to her paternal residence during the Puja, and this is the preparation for the welcome of the diving homecoming
Mahalaya marks the start of the ‘Devi-Paksha’ and the end of the ‘Pitri-Paksha’. The traditional six day countdown to Maha-saptami starts from Mahalaya. Goddess Durga visits the earth for only four days but seven days prior to the Pujas, starts the Mahalaya. It heralds the advent of Durga, the goddess of supreme power. It’s a kind of invocation or invitation to the mother goddess to descend on earth – “Jago Tumi Jago“.
Goddess Durga starts her journey towards earth on the day of Mahalaya, i.e. on the first day of the Devi-Paksha. This day bears immense significance for the Bengalis. According to Puranas, King Suratha used to worship goddess Durga in spring. Thus Durga Puja was also known as Basanti Puja. But Rama advanced the Puja and worshiped Durga in Autumn and that is why it is known as ‘Akal Bodhon‘ or untimely worship. Rama is said to have performed Durga Puja just before he set for Lanka to rescue Sita from Ravana. It was considered untimely since Puja is performed when the Gods and Goddesses are awake (Uttarayan period) and not held when the Gods and Goddesses are in slumber (Dakshinayan Period). The eye is given to the idol of Devi Durga on this auspicious day.
The Main 4 Days of Durga Puja (Shoshthi to Nabami)
The last five days of the festival are most important. They are respectively called “Shoshthi”, Saptami”. “Ashthami”, “Nabami” and “Dashami”. Each of these days has a special puja and the evening has what is called “shondhi pujo.” The air is filled with the sound of “Dhakis of Durga Puja” or drummers playing a special drum and the priests chanting the holy mantras.
There is a special dance called “dhunuchi naach” with small containers of burning and fragrant coal and incense to perform the rituals before the goddess. It is believed that the more idols people visit, the more the goddess will be pleased to grant blessings upon the people.
So all over the state people visit various idols from early morning till late at night and call this “thakur darshan” or seeking the blessings of the deity.
The Final Day of Durga Puja means Bijoya Dashami
The entire atmosphere is festive, happy and spiritual. The concept is that Maa Durga has visited her parental home on Earth and on the tenth day or Dashami, she will be returned to the oceans to be united with her imperial consort Shiva.
That is why the idol is dressed in red and adorned with sindoor which is called “shringaar” or “boron” and then carried off for immersion which is called “visarjan”.
Bijoya Dashami has it’s own importance in this religious Festival. Bijoya means Victory in Bengali. This day is celebrated with mixed feelings, both with joy and sorrow. People are happy because they celebrate this day as Victory Day of Devi Durga and at the same time they are sad because it is the last day of the celebration. There is big rally from every Puja Pandal which carries the Devi Durga Statue to the river side for Visarjan. It is like a custom in India to have Jalopies (one Indian sweet) during the day of Bijoya Dashami. People wish each other Subho Bijoya (Happy Bijoya). Younger people touch the feet of elders and seek blessings and elders covey their love to younger ones.
How Durga Aarti can bring you Luck?
Without festivals India actually incomplete. India has more and more festivals. This all festivals are related with aarti because in India without aarti not a single hindu cultural festival is complete. In main festivals of India are Diwali, Durga puja & Navratri, Holi. These are the biggest and main festival of India. Diwali is festival of light, Holi is festival of color and the Durga puja is festival of aarti, because this festival celebration big part is aarti. Durga puja and Navratri is 10 day festivals its end day called Dussera or Vijaya Dashmi. Its start from pratipada and dashmi. First day of Durga Puja started with Kalash Sthapana and aarti. In that time 5 time aarti is important for every household and pandal. Mostly dhoop, deep, conch water, flower and hand fan aarti very popular in durgapuja time. Nine days of navratri every day aarti perform with very respectfully for Maa Durga. In bengali culture Maha Ashtami (8th day of the festival) aarti is very important. This day every bengali people pray for their peaceful upcoming year. Dhunuchi aarti is very popular cultural dance and also aarti are very important part of Durga puja. Diwali is festival of light that day also Indian every house celebrate Diwali with worship of laxmi with dhoop and deep aarti, but Navratri & Durga puja is festival or aarti. Mostly east and north part of India dhoop and deep aarti very popular this time. It is always perform as very traditional way. Dhunuchi aarti is very famous this festival and also Durga Puja Sandhya Aarti very famous. Everyone wait for this Festival for celebrate with Aarti and feel happy for the full year. This time big Pancha-Pradeep and Dhunuchi Aarti very popular part of Durga puja and Navratri.
Kolkata is gearing up for Durga Puja Celebration. That’s why these hand-pulled rickshaws wore a festive look to participate in the 80-year-old Kashi Bose Durga puja event. Part of Kolkata’s colonial heritage, these rickshaws have got decked in cloth ruffles, tassels and rainbow-hued wheel spokes at the cost of Rs. 1.35 lakh. They will be plying across the city till October 19. Interestingly, foreigners can ride these rickshaws for free during the festive period.
Durga Puja 2017 Wishes | Dussehra Wishes 2017
Durga Puja 2017 : Happy Durga Puja wishes to all the Indians and all the people across the world this is the festival celebrated all over country offering prayers to the goddess Durga the mother of world and the most powerful all over.
Get all the Kolkata Durga Puja images wishes and the Durga Puja 2017 / Dussehra 2017 dates and festival celebrations with the best wishes and greetings for the durga puja 2017.
The annual festival celebrated all over the country offering prayers for the goddess Durga the powerful Goddess and take the blessings from her and we all celebrate the festival all the ten days with all devotion and godliness . Here we have the durga puja 2017 dates and best durga puja wishes and quotes only for you.
Durga Puja is also known as Dussehra at some places of India based upon the culture heritage and depending on it’s mother tongue . Most of the south Indian call durga puja as Dussehra so it’s time to celebrate with the devotion of unity in diversity and check out the best durga puja wishes and dussehra 2017 images.
Durga Puja 2017 Dates
This year i.e on 2017 durga puja starts from 12 october to 22nd october and the ten days complete schedule is going to be updates son and pooja vidhan and all the ten durga devi avatars for the ten days.
Durga Puja 2017 Wishes
Durga Puja Khushiyo ki Ujalo ki Maa Durga ki.
Aapki zindagi khushiyose bhari ho
Duniya ujalo se roshan ho,
Ghar me Maa Durga ka Aagman ho
Happy Durga Puja 2017
Lakshmi ka hath ho Saraswati ka sath
ho Ganesh ka niwas ho Aur maa durga ke
aashirwad se Aapke jeevan mai prakash hi
Ambe hai tu jagdambe kali, Jay durge
khappar wali! Teri hi gun gawe bharati, Woh
maiya hum sab utare teri aarati! Charan
saran mein khande tumhari, Le puja ke
thali! Bas haat sar par rakh do, Maa sankat
Maa Ki Jyoti Se Noor Milta Hai.
Sabke Dilon Ko Surur Milta Hai.
Jo Bhi Jata Hai Mata Ke Dwar,
Usse Kuch Na Kuch Zaroor Milta Hai.
Durga Puja Khushio ka,
Ujalo ka, Umeedon Durga ka….
Is Durga puja Aapki Zindagi
khushiyon se bhari ho,
Duniya ujalo se roshan ho,
Ghar par Maa Durga ka Aagman ho…
Happy Durga Puja!
Thousands od dreams for a destination, A
small hurdle may bring interruption.Keep
faith on Maa Durga.Ultimately she is
May goddess Durga bless you
Like she blessed Lord Rama
to fight the evil,
like he fought Ravana
Happy Durga Puja 2017
Those empty spaces were my silent prayers,
asking Maa Durga to guide & protect YOU
always in whatever YOU do & wherever YOU are!
Happy Dussehra 2017 Wishes
Troubles as light as Air,
love as deep as Ocean,
Friends as Solid as Diamonds,
and Success as bright as Gold…
These are the wishes for you and
your family on the day of Dussehra.
Har pal ho sunehra
Duniya me naam ho roshan thumahara
Dusron ko dikhako tum kinara
Yehi sapna hai hamara
Happy Happy and Happy Dussehra
Ye Pal Ho Sunehra, duniya me naam ho roshan tumhara,
dusron ko dikhao tum kinara yehi aashirwaad hai hamara.
Happy and Prosperous Dussehra 2017!
Shiuli phuler gandho makha sharat akash khani,
Kash phul r ghaser dolay kar oi padadhwani.
Subho Durga Puja 2017 !
Asche Pujo, Bajbe Dhak,
Tora sabai bhalo thak!
Happy Durga Puja!
Shiuli Phuler gandhe keno udas holo mon,
Subhra sital kasher sobhay juralo du nayan,
Agamonir barta boye bajche dhaker sur,
Sharodiyar dingulo hok ananda madhur!
Subho Durga Puja 2017!
Hi Hi Ha Ha Ha
RAVAN KE RISHTEDARO KO DUSSEHRA KI BADHAIYAN..Enjoy.
As the candlelight flame Ur life may always be happy,
As the mountain high
U move without shy,
As sunshine creates morning glory
fragrance fills years as Flory,
All darkness is far away
As light is on its way.
Wishing U all a very Happy Vijaya Dashami.
Jyot se jyot jagate chalo.
Prem ki ganga bahate chalo.
Rah mein aaye jo din dukhi.
Sabko gale se lagate chalo.
Din aaygega sabka sunehra.
Isliye meri oar se Happy Dussehra.
Let’s start a great life by conquering over our eternal enemy like kama, krodha. Let’s take the oath to give a dimension to our life on this auspicious festival. Happy Durga Puja 2017.
Durga Puja 2017 Celebration & Controversies:
The Mamata Banerjee authorities has been rocked by another controversy. Allegations that were recognizable have been raised by her choice to prevent Durga Puja 2017 immersion for a day to ease Muharram processions about pandering to a community, of minority appeasement as well as being siphoned to Hindus. It’s unmistakable that the churn that unfolding from the country guides a lot of chatter and the struggle on networking. With Left and Congress in decline that is perennial, BJP is emerging as the primary opposition party, and many consider the party may take on the virtual hegemony in the nation later on of TMC.
In brief, order and law problems cannot be hostage and a casualty to the right of one. This is the crux of the argument which needs to be dealt with, regarding this one day ban on immersion. The Bengal government considers that with Muharram after processions from the communities, Dusshera, may result in a situation, falling. Mamata Banerjee in her address on Wednesday, voiced worries about the peace ensued in Bengal. Basirhat has followed the pattern of communal flare ups in Kalichak among others in the last few years in Dhulagarh Malda and Chandannagar. Thus the state government’s trepidation is clear and in line with their policy.
The Bengal government also has also fell into that trap, and that is the biggest reason why today it isn’t confident enough to hold simultaneous processions of two religions on this exact same day throughout the state. Last year also, Bengal government had also dived On Dusshera owing to Muharram, but this Calcutta HC ordered that all residential pujas may do their immersion on that day. The state authorities got a slap on their wrist, but has followed the exact same road this year as well. Mamata Banerjee is well aware that her choice will be challenged in court, but his Hands are forced, as another riot especially close to this capital, Kolkata can seriously upset her governmental calculations, closer to elections. Bengal is a country with almost 30% Muslim population. In Kolkata also, there are various pockets using large population of Muslims such as Park Circus, Khidderpore etc. These places also host a lot of Maa Durga pandals, and frequently are samples of great communal harmony.