Makar Sankranti is a Hindu festival celebrated on 14th January every year. Makar (Capricorn) is a Hindu zodiac sign and Sankranti means to change direction. According to Hindu calendar 2019, Makar Sankranti occurs when sun changes its direction northwards from Dhanu Rashi (Sagittarius) to enter the Makar Rashi (Capricorn) in the month of Poush. Makar Sankranti is considered very auspicious day and it is believed any sacred ritual or task can be started or performed on this day and it will be fruitful .It marks the beginning of harvesting season and end of chilly winter season.
When is Makar Sankranti?
Makarsankranti is on Jan 14th. Every year Makar Sankranti is on January 14, 2019.
Makarsankranti in North India
This festival is celebrated enthusiastically in all parts of India. In north India people take holy bath in Ganges donate Rice and Daal (Lentil) they also prepare Khichdi (a rice dish) .The famous Magh Mela commences on this day on the bank of Triveni Sangam in Allahabad.
Makarsankranti in Maharashtra
In Maharashtra Makar Sankranti 2019 has special significance. The first harvest of sugarcane is celebrated on this day. People wear new clothes, prepare and exchange sweets called Til Ladoo made with sesame seeds and jaggery – using the recent harvest of sugarcane.
Makarsankranti in Gujarat
Makar Sankranti in Gujarat is known as Uttarayan. On this day people visit their relatives and exchange gifts with them. The tradition of kite flying is also followed on this day. The sky looks colorful with thousand of kites flying in it. The international festival of kite flying is also held on this day each year.
Makarsankranti in Andhra Pradesh
In Andhra Pradesh it is called as ‘Pedda Panduga’ and celebrated till 3 days. People prepare Rangolies and a special rice dish called Pongal.This dish is first offered to the Goddess Sankranti Lakshmi and then consumed by people.
Makarsankranti in Karnataka
In Karnataka people wear new clothes, visit their relatives and exchange their first harvest of sugarcane. They also prepare and exchange a special blend of Sugarcane, sesame seeds, dry coconut, fried grams and peanuts, honor their animals by giving them a grand bath and feeding them Pongal (a rice dish), make picturesque Rangolies.
Though Sankranti has various names ,but it is celebrated with great joy and vivacity in each and every part of India.
Makar Sankranti Celebrations:
Makar Sankranti 2019 is Celebrated across India and Neighboring Country of Nepal and Sri-Lanka.
It is celebrated in India with different Names…
- North India: Lohri on Jan 13 and Sankranti on Jan 14
- Assam: Bihu Festival
- West Bengal: Gangasagar Festival
- Tamil Nadu and Southern States: Pongal
- Andhra Pradesh: Celebrated as 4 Day festival
- Bhogi on Day 1.
- Pedda Panduga on Day 2.
- Kanuma Panduga on Day 3.
- Mukkanuma on Day 4.
Makar Sankranti Celebrations in Andhra Pradesh
It is a four day festival in Andhra Pradesh
Day 1- Bhogi Panduga (Bhogi)
Day 2 – Pedda Panduga,SANKRANTI (Surya)
Day 3 – Kanuma Panduga (Kanuma)
Day 4 – Mukkanuma
The first day of festival is Bhogi. At dawn people light up a bonfire with several old articles in their house. In many families they celebrate Bhogi pallu, in the evening. These are the regi pallu with petals of flower and coins of money, will be put on the heads of kids(generally younger than 3 years)(like talambralu) to get rid of Dishti(drushti). The second day is Sankranti, the big festival, when everyone wears new clothes and pray to their favorite God by offering them sweets. Kanuma Panduga (Kanuma) is less celebrated but is an integral part of Sankranti culture. Mukkanuma is famous among the non-vegetarians of the society. People do not eat any non-vegetarian during the first three days of the festival and eat it only on the day of Mukkanuma.
Makar Sankranti usually represents all the four days together. It is celebrated in almost every village with adventurous Games in South India. Whether it is the cock fights in Andhra, Bull fighting in Tamil Nadu or Elephant Mela in Kerala, there is huge amount of illegal betting but the so called tradition continues to play a major role in the festival. Another notable feature of the festival in South India is the Haridas who moves around begging for rice wishing luck to the household. Rangoli competitions too are a common sight. The entire month from mid-December to Sankranthi is celebrated with giant rangolis in front of the house which are drawn only at late night for the entire month. For all other days of the year, Rangoli is typically drawn in mornings only.